Table 1: National composition of Top 50 control-holders Shareholders


Table 2: Growth Rate of the worldwide GDP 1971-2010


Table 3: Growth Rate of Industrial Production in USA, Japan and EU-15, 1961-2010


Table 4: Growth Rate of Gross Fixed Capital Formation in USA, Japan and EU-15, 1961-2010


Table 5: Growth Rates of Fixed Capital Stock, 1960-2000


Table 6: Share of Imperialist and (Semi-)Colonial Countries in World Industrial Production 1948-1979


Table 7: Manufacturing Share by Region, 1985, 1990, 2000 and 2010 (in %)


Table 8: Share of Output by Sector in Developed and Developing Countries 1990–2005


Table 9: Share of Economic Sectors of GDP in various World Regions 2008


Table 10: Developing and Developed Countries’ Share of Global Manufacturing Value added by Industry Sector, 1995–2009


Table 11: Wage laborer as a Share of all Employed by Regions, 1996-2008


Table 12: Female Wage Laborer as a Share of all Female Employed by Regions, 2008


Table 13: Share of all Labor Force in Economic Sectors in Regions, 1950, 1977 and 2008 (in %)


Table 14: Share of all Labor Force in different Regions in the years, 1965, 1995 and 2008/09


Table 15: Growth of the Working Class in the Semi-Colonial World


Table 16: Distribution of Wage Laborers in different Regions, 1995 and 2008/09


Table 17: Distribution of Labor Force in Industry in different Regions 2008/09


Table 18: Share of Manufacturing Employment for Developing and Developed Countries, by Industry Sector, 1993–2008


Table 19: Changes of Labor’s Share of GDP in Rich and Poor countries, 1960-1993


Table 20: Wages Growth and GDP Growth, 2001-2007


Table 21: Share of Wages in Manufacturing, 1975-1992


Table 22: Net Transfers of Financial Resources to Developing Countries and former Stalinist Countries, 1995-2011


Table 23: Gross Value of Capital Invested Abroad in 1914 and 1938


Table 24: Distribution of US Private FDI, 1950-1975


Table 25: Distribution of Western German Private FDI, 1960-1975


Table 26: Geographical Distribution of Foreign Direct Investments of Western Europe, USA and Japan, 1975


Table 27: Gross Value of Foreign Capital in Developing Countries 1870-1998


Table 28: Geographical Distribution of Inward FDI Stock, 1967-1997


Table 29: FDI Stock, by Region and Economy, 1990-2011


Table 30: FDI Stock, by Region and Economy, 1980-2011 (share of global FDI stock)


Table 31: FDI Inflows as a Percentage of Capital Formation, 1980-1990


Table 32: FDI Inflows as a Percentage of Capital Formation, 1990-2010


Table 33: FDI Outflows as a percentage of Capital Formation, 1990-2010


Table 34: Company Acquisitions and Creation by Foreign Capital in the US, 1983-1989


Table 35: Profit rates of Direct Investment of US corporations in Imperialist and Semi-Colonial Countries, 1951-1970


Table 36: Extra profits of US Monopolies in Semi-Colonies, 1970 and 1975


Table 37: Profits on US Direct Investment Overseas, 2006-2009


Table 38: Annually Repatriated Profits and Annual Growth of Foreign Investment by US Monopolies, 1950-1966


Table 39: International Banking Capital in relation to World Output, Trade and Investment, 1964-1991


Table 40: Long-Term Real Interest Rates in Imperialist and Semi-Colonial Countries


Table 41: Increase of Debts in Regions, 1980-2002


Table 42: Gross Debt, Deposits and Net Debt, 1995


Table 43: Stock of foreign-born Labor Force in OECD countries, 1999-2008


Table 44: Distribution of National Income between the North and the South, 1850 and 1960


Table 45: Per Capita GDP in North and South, 1820 and 1998


Table 46: Industrialization in Latin American countries, 1929-1957


Table 47: Per Capita GDP and Interregional Spreads, 1870-1998


Table 48: Turkey’s FDI Stock, 1990-2011


Table 49: Wage Inequality in OECD Countries, 1970-2008


Table 50: Share of low-skilled Workers, 1995


Table 51: Unskilled and Skilled Workers, 2001


Table 52: List of the Top 10 Countries of the Global 500 companies


Table 53: Rural-to-Urban Migrants as a Proportion of Total Workforce


Table 54: Annual Increase in Labor Disputes in China, 1995-2006


Table 55: FDI Outward Stock by Country, 2011


Table 56: FDI flows from selected countries, 2006-2011


Table 57: Destinations of China’s Capital Export from 2005 to mid-2012


Table 58: China’s Non-Bond Investment by Type 2005-2010


Table 59: The 10 largest Military Spender, 2011


Table 60: The 10 largest Exporter of Major Arms, 2010






In The Great Robbery of the South Michael Pröbsting analyses the super-exploitation and oppression of the semi-colonial world (often referred to as the “Third World”) by the imperialist powers and monopolies. He shows that the relationship between the small minority of rich capitalist countries and the huge majority of mankind living in the semi-colonial world forms one of the most important elements of the imperialist world system we are living in.


The Great Robbery of the South shows that the past decades have been a complete confirmation of the validity of Lenin’s theory of imperialism and its programmatic conclusions.


The Great Robbery of the South demonstrates the important changes in the relationship between the imperialist and the semi-colonial countries. Using comprehensive material (including 139 Tables and Figures), Michael Pröbsting elaborates that never before has such a big share of the world capitalist value been produced in the South. Never before haven the imperialist monopolies been so dependent on the super-exploitation of the semi-colonial world. Never before has migrant labor from the semi-colonial world played such a significant role for the capitalist value production in the imperialist countries. Never before has the huge majority of the world working class lived in the South – outside of the old imperialist metropolises.


In The Great Robbery of the South Michael Pröbsting argues that a correct understanding of the nature of imperialism as well as of the program of permanent revolution which includes the tactics of consistent anti-imperialism is essential for anyone who wants to change the world and bring about a socialist future.


Das Buch The Great Robbery of the South behandelt die Überausbeutung und Unterdrückung der halb-kolonialen Welt (der sogenannten III. Welt) durch die imperialistischen Monopole und Staaten.


Der Autor, Michael Pröbsting, analysiert diese imperialistische Überausbeutung auf der Grundlage der marxistischen Theorie sowie umfangreicher wirtschafts- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Daten.


Er zeigt auf, dass noch niemals zuvor ein solch hoher Anteil der weltweiten kapitalistischen Produktion im Süden stattfand. Er legt dar, dass noch nie zuvor die Konzerne und die westliche imperialistische Welt so abhängig von der Ausbeutung des Südens war. Pröbsting weist darüber hinaus nach, dass Migrantinnen und Migranten einen noch nie dagewesenen hohen Anteil an den Lohnabhängigen im Westen ausmachen.


Erstmals in der Geschichte der modernen Menschheit lebt die große Mehrheit der Arbeiterklasse im Süden.


Pröbsting, der Internationaler Sekretär der Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT) ist, tritt für einen konsequenten Antiimperialismus als Teil einer sozialistischen Perspektive ein.


Das Buch ist in englischer Sprache verfaßt und wurde von der RCIT veröffentlicht.




In Cuba‘s Revolution Sold Out? Michael Pröbsting analyses the character of the Cuban Revolution 1959-61, its bureaucratic degeneration, and the recent march of the Castro leadership towards capitalism.


The author demonstrates how the Cuban Revolution, despite the initial modest intentions of its leaders, was spurred forward to more radical policies by grass roots struggles of Cuban workers and peasants. In fact, the very abolishment of capitalism by the Cuban regime was no part of the original game plan of either Castro’s Movimiento 26 de Julio or of the official Cuban communist party (PSP), but rather was a product of precisely such pressures from below.


Cuba‘s Revolution Sold Out? describes in detail how a number of relatively recent political, economic, and social measures were purposely taken by the Cuban government to open the road back to capitalism. Pröbsting elaborates the key role of the world’s new great imperialist power, China, in Cuba’s state policy as exemplified in the June 2011 Sino-Cuban agreement for a first Five-Year Plan of cooperation between these two states.


Cuba‘s Revolution Sold Out? examines these developments from the viewpoint of Marxist theory, the nature of the ruling bureaucracy in Stalinist states, and the process of restoration of capitalism under such regimes.


In conclusion, the book proposes a socialist program for political and social revolution in Cuba to halt the advance of capitalism and to eradicate the country’s bureaucratic dictatorship.




Michael Pröbsting has been a revolutionary activist for the past 30 years. He has written many articles and pamphlets in both German and English, and has authored or contributed to books on Rosa Luxemburg (1999), the World Economy (2008), Migration (2010), and the Arab Revolution (2011). His latest book, The Great Robbery of the South (published in 2013), analyses the super-exploitation and oppression of the semi-colonial world (often referred to as the “Third World”) by the imperialist powers and monopolies. Pröbstingis the International Secretary of the Revolutionary Communist International Tendency.